One of Russia’s oldest cities has celebrated its 2000th birthday- Derbent. Belonging to the Republic of Dagestan, it borders the Caspian Sea and is the most Southern city in Russia. It has been named the second most important city in Dagestan due to its age and prestige. Here’s some facts about it:-
- Strategically positioned, it was often fought over and changed ownership however in the 19th century, the city permanently passed from Iranian ownership to Russian by the 1813 Treaty of Gulistan.
- The first settlement in the Derbent area dates back to the 8th century.
- Approximately 1 mile from the city is the vacation colony of Chayka (Seagull)